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3 Essential Elements
EVIDENCE derived through rigorous scientific research.
EXPERTISE derived from the healthcare practitioner's clinical experience.
PATIENT preferences concerning personal healthcare decisions.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement. (PubMed MeSH)
Get help identifying MeSH terms for a comprehensive, high-quality search.
1. Go to MeSH on Demand
2. Copy/Paste your article abstract into the textbox.
3. Click this button: Find MeSH Terms
4. Wait for processing. (30-45 seconds depending on length of abstract)
5. See list of MeSH terms to explore in order to find additional high-quality articles.
EB Practitioners must determine the strength of the evidence they find in the literature. Systems for rating the strength of evidence vary widely.
Evidence in literature can be found anywhere, but it is best to start in Library Databases.
by James McCormack (4min 19sec)
Locating evidence in literature depends upon asking an effective research question. Use the PICO mnemonic to build that question.
P I C O
P -- patient, population, participant
I -- intervention, therapy
C -- comparison (not always required)
O -- outcome
4 Types of PICO Questions
In children with respiratory infection, is the respiratory rate as effective as chest x-ray in detecting pneumonia?
In premature infants (compared to full-term infants), what is the lifetime prevalence of hearing deficit?
In patients with recurrent infection, do antibiotics, compared to no treatment, reduce recurrence rate?
In post-menopausal women, does hormone replacement therapy increase the risk of breast cancer?
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Search Medline / PubMed using PICO in the following languages: