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What is research, and what is qualitative versus quantitative research? What is mixed methods research? Many different homework assignments ask the student to locate qualitative research or quantitative research articles. https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/communityengagement/pce_program_methods.html The British Library has a site describing qualitative research. Also, the US PubMed Central data source has an article describing qualitative research. Mixed methods research, a combination of different types of research, can be studied at a US National Institutes of Health information source here. Different governmental entities describe and support qualitative and quantitative research, including Australia, as described in their National Health and Medical Research Council site, here. Many resources throughout the world concern themselves with ethical research conduct, including how to carefully manage individuals who are the subject of research and clinical trials (see NIH Clinical Research Trials and You). The US National Institutes of Health and also the Australian government display a National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research, and the UK government has much information concerning the National Health Service Health Research Authority and more.
A systematic review is a detailed research process often taking a year of the creator's (your) time. Many wonderful resources describe this product, including the Cochrane Handbook (at https://training.cochrane.org/handbook), and at the Library for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (at https://www.cdc.gov/library/researchguides/systematicreviews.html). Much has been written about this process using PRISMA (see http://prisma-statement.org/).
Scoping reviews (see https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/full/10.7326/M18-0850?rfr_dat=cr_pub++0pubmed&url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org) also can use PRISMA, which is a kind of checklist of items needed to consider for inclusion within either research process. Scoping reviews are described at Cochrane training (see https://training.cochrane.org/resource/scoping-reviews-what-they-are-and-how-you-can-do-them). Cochrane has much helpful information on doing in depth research well.
Either a systematic or a scoping review involves a detailed process where an exhaustive search of the literature is made and then the data is managed. This management of data can be facilitated with the RefWorks bibliographic manager (see https://libguides.twu.edu/refworks). Other information management tools may include the no-cost Rayyan (see https://www.rayyan.ai/) and other products. Your TWU librarians can be of help you you in your journey through these processes.
Health Statistics Portals/Gateways
TDS STAT!Ref : EBMcalc
Here are medical formulas, decision tree analyses and clinical criteria sets.
To access these tools, login to the STAT!Ref database, then scroll down the screen to EBMcalc. Click on Introduction to get started
See resources including Unit conversions (Area, Basic Unit, Benzodiazepine dosing, Energy, etc.), Math Calculator, Allowable Blood Loss, Cardiac Output, Estimated Blood Volume, Apgar Score, Caprini DVT Risk Score, Gupta Perioperative Risk Estimate and more.
Tools include the following and MORE:
- Bayesian Statistics I & II MultiCalc
- Confidence Interval of Survey
- False Negative Rate from Sensitivity and
- Kappa Measurement of Inter-observer
- Likelihood Ratio of Positive from Raw Data
- Negative Predictive Value of a Test
- Odds Ratio and Relative Risk
- Risk Education / Number Needed to Treat
- Survey Sample Size with Population Correction
- Z Score to Percentile Estimation, etc.
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Cochrane Library Evidence Pyramid: