Skip to Main Content

Nursing Theorist

This LibGuide can be used to access information relevant to prominent Nursing Theorists.



Virginia Henderson
Virginia Henderson, FRCN was a nurse, researcher, theorist and author. She was born in Kansas City, Missouri, the fifth of eight children of Lucy Abbot Henderson and Daniel B. Henderson. Wikipedia

The Nature of Nursing Model

  • Introduced The Nature of Nursing Model. She identified fourteen basic needs.
  • She postulated that the unique function of the nurse is to assist the clients, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery, the clients would perform unaided if they had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.
  • She further believed that nursing involves assisting the client in gaining independence as rapidly as possible, or assisting him achieves peaceful death if recovery is no longer possible.
  • Defined Nursing: “Assisting the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that an individual would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge”.
  • Identified 14 basic needs :
  1. Breathing normally
  2. Eating and drinking adequately
  3. Eliminating body wastes
  4. Moving and maintaining desirable position
  5. Sleeping and resting
  6. Selecting suitable clothes
  7. Maintaining body temperature within normal range
  8. Keeping the body clean and well-groomed
  9. Avoiding dangers in the environment
  10. Communicating with others
  11. Worshipping according to one’s faith
  12. Working in such a way that one feels a sense of accomplishment
  13. Playing/participating in various forms of recreation
  14. Learning, discovering or satisfying the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and using available health facilities.



Subject Guide

Profile Photo
Joanna Russell Bliss
Dallas Library Center, T. Boone Pickens Institute of Health Sciences