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The 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) assists the writer in complying with a standardized format for expressing ideas, crediting sources, and listing reference materials. The 7th APA Manual is the official guide to APA style  for 2020 and has been published in some form since 1929 (Manual, xv). The APA Style website at provides detailed rules and changes implemented since the 6th edition of the Manual.

An e-book version of the 7th edition is available for purchase or rent.

 American Psychological Association

A self-paced tutorial on the APA 7th is here.

A short pdf of highlights of the APA 7th is located here

A one hour APA YouTube webinar on writing the student paper is available here.

A different one hour YouTube tutorial produced by APA teaches how to cite and paraphrase within your paper here.

Check with your TWU libraries for print reference  versions of the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the APA. The e-books versions are not available at TWU. The APA describes changes at this site:

The TWU Libraries tutorials (earn badges) on APA and other subjects are available here:

The APA 7th edition has a Student Title Page Guide at

The APA 7th has a Quick Guide to Journal and Book references at

The APA 7th has a checklist for creating journal references at

The APA 7th has a guide to constructing reference citations from different types of sources at

The APA 7th has a short guide to constructing reference citations at

The APA 7th has a guide to writing an abstract and finding keywords at

The APA 7th has help on creating headings for the different sections of student papers at

The APA 7th has a Professional Paper guide to headings at

Highlighting Differences Between the 6th and 7th editions

Many changes are evident from the 6th to the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the APA. The APA website at is the sole authoritative source of all  rules and changes.

Here are some key points:

  • There are more examples
  • Open architecture and data sharing are accommodated
  • Title page, fonts,and headings are changed
  • Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS) are introduced
  • The singular use of 'they' 
  • Use of one space after a period 
  • Formatting linguistic examples using quotation marks rather than italics
  • Tables and figures are updated
  • In-text citations are simplified
  • Reference list entries can contain up to 20 authors
  • DOI, URL and "Retrieved from" usage changed
  • Journal article issue numbers are always included
  • Legal references are standardized
  • Preparing manuscripts for publication is more detailed
  • Avoiding predatory and undesirable publishers is described