Jean Watson is an American nurse theorist and nursing professor who is best known for her Theory of Human Caring. She is the author of numerous texts, including Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring. Wikipedia
The Philosophy and Science of Caring
- Nursing is concerned with promotion health, preventing illness, caring for the sick, and restoring health.
- Nursing is a human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic and ethical human care transactions
- She defined caring as a nurturing way or responding to a valued client towards whom the nurse feels a personal sense of commitment and responsibility. It is only demonstrated interpersonally that results in the satisfaction of certain human needs. Caring accepts the person as what he/she may become in a caring environment
- Carative Factors:
- The formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values
- Instillation of faith-hope
- The cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and others
- The development of a helping- trust relationship
- The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings.
- The systemic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision making
- The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning
- The provision for supportive, protective and corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual environment
- Assistance with the gratification of human needs
- The allowance for existential phenomenological forces