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Dr. Reva Rubin
Rubin introduced the concept of Maternal Role Attainment in the late nineteen sixties.(Rubin, 1967). She described the maternal role as a complex cognitive and social process which is learned, reciprocal, and interactive. Maternal identity is considered the culmination or end-point of MRA, characterized by the woman’s comfort in her role. Rubin’s work focused on “traditional” mothers and dealt with MRA from the point of acceptance of the pregnancy to one month postpartum.