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Writing Reviews: Qualitative & Quantitative Research

Writing Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Qualitative Research

Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. - PubMed MeSH Qualitative Research

‚ÄčAnd that means...

  • Descriptive Data
  • Interpretive discussion about meanings, themes or patterns
  • Think feelings

Research Methodology Terms:

  • Cohort study
  • Case report, case study, case
  • Comparative study
  • Survey 
  • Questionnaire 
  • Grounded theory
  • Ethnographic study
  • Phenomenological study
  • Life narrative 
  • Lived experience 

General Terms: 

  • perception
  • experimental 
  • experiential 
  • single-case
  • exploration 
  • observation, observational 
  • participant observation 
  • evaluation 
  • focus groups
  • interview 

Quantitative Research

Research methods that emphasize objective measurements and statistical, mathematical or numerical analysis of data. This research focuses on gathering numerical data to explain a particular phenomenon. - USCLibraries 

And that means...

  • Variables 
  • Numerical values that measure concept/construct
  • Think numbers 

Research Methodology Terms:

  • Systematic review 
  • Meta-analysis
  • Randomized controlled trial (RTC)
  • Controlled trial 
  • Clinical trial
  • Comparative study
  • Longitudinal study 
  • Population study 
  • Retrospective study 

General Terms:

  • clinical 
  • statistics 
  • data
  • numerical 
  • validity 
  • reliability 
  • measurement
  • co-relational